We interact with plumbing systems every day, from the first morning flush to the last glass of water at night. Yet, the intricate and essential world of plumbing often goes unnoticed and underappreciated. But plumbing is far from mundane. To prove it, here are seven surprising facts about plumbing that most people don’t know.

Welcome to Gwen Plumbing, where we blend expertise, commitment, and innovative solutions to solve your plumbing needs. Our team of certified plumbers are equipped with the latest tools and technologies to provide a wide range of plumbing services, from simple drain cleaning to complex pipe installations. We believe in providing a service that not only meets, but exceeds your expectations, with a commitment to transparency, integrity, and efficient service delivery.


Here at Gwen Plumbing, we understand the importance of a well-functioning plumbing system to your comfort and peace of mind. That’s why we’re always ready to go the extra mile to ensure your plumbing problems are resolved quickly and efficiently, giving you the peace of mind you deserve.

Fact 1: The Word ‘Plumbing’ Comes from the Latin Word for Lead

“Plumbum,” now there’s a word that rolls off the tongue! Believe it or not, this Latin term, meaning lead, is the forefather of our modern word “plumbing.” Imagine, if you will, the bustling streets of ancient Rome, where skilled workers known as “plumbarius” were laying the groundwork for what we now know as plumbing.

You see, back in the day, these Roman plumbers were lead workers first and foremost. They were the masters of crafting the intricate network of lead pipes that formed the beating heart of Rome’s impressive aqueduct system. This system was nothing short of an engineering marvel that, even today, leaves us in awe of their ingenuity.

But before you start thinking lead pipes sound like a great idea, let’s remember our science lessons. Today, we understand the health risks associated with lead – it’s a potent neurotoxin. In spite of this, we can’t ignore that these lead pipes were a revolutionary step in public infrastructure, paving the way for the modern plumbing systems we rely on today.


Fact 2: Ancient Civilizations Had Sophisticated Plumbing Systems

Picture this – a bustling city from over 5,000 years ago. You might imagine primitive huts and open sewers, right? Well, buckle up because we’re about to shatter those preconceptions!

When it comes to the ancient Romans, they were no strangers to the finer things in life, including a good bath. And oh boy, did their plumbing system deliver! They had an intricate network of aqueducts, sewers, and pipes that not only supplied water to their grand public baths but also to private homes. The Romans were basically living the high life with their on-demand water supply!

But let’s not let the Romans steal all the glory. The Indus Valley Civilization, one of the cradles of urban life, knew a thing or two about hydraulics. They had meticulously planned cities with wastewater channels and even individual household toilets. Talk about being ahead of their time!

And who could forget the ancient Egyptians? Their contribution to plumbing is nothing short of impressive. They used copper pipes (a plumbing material we still use today) to create bathrooms within the pyramids, complete with irrigation and sewage systems. So, the next time you’re marveling at the Great Pyramids, remember that they’re not just tombs for pharaohs – they’re also a testament to ancient plumbing prowess.

So, it seems our ancestors were more ‘flushed’ with plumbing knowledge than we often give them credit for. It’s a humbling reminder that the comfort and convenience we enjoy today are built on thousands of years of innovation and progress.


Fact 3: Albert Einstein Wanted to Be a Plumber



Now here’s a head-scratcher – the man who brought us the theory of relativity, E=mc^2, and who is often synonymized with genius, Albert Einstein, once declared that if he had to do it all over again, he’d be a plumber. Let that sink in for a moment.

Einstein, the physicist whose name is invoked whenever someone has a “eureka” moment, had a serious appreciation for the humble profession of plumbing. He’s quoted as saying, “If I would be a young man again and had to decide how to make my living, I would not try to become a scientist or scholar or teacher. I would rather choose to be a plumber or a peddler…”

This isn’t just a testament to the importance of plumbing; it’s an endorsement from one of the greatest minds in history! Einstein recognized that plumbers, in their own way, are everyday heroes. They keep our water flowing, our toilets flushing, and our daily lives running smoothly. So, the next time your sink is clogged, remember – you’re calling in the professionals that even Einstein admired!

Fact 4: Plumbing Systems Play a Crucial Role in Public Health

Cholera is a highly contagious bacterial infection caused by the Vibrio cholerae bacterium. It’s primarily spread through contaminated water and, less frequently, food. The hallmark symptom of cholera is severe diarrhea, which can lead to rapid dehydration and, if not treated promptly, can be fatal. The disease thrives in environments where sanitation is poor and access to clean drinking water is limited.

Typhoid fever is another serious bacterial infection, caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. It’s transmitted through contaminated food or water and close contact with an infected person. Symptoms include high fever, headache, stomach pain, and constipation or diarrhea. Without treatment, typhoid fever can cause serious complications and can even be life-threatening.

Before the advent of modern plumbing, outbreaks of diseases like cholera and typhoid were common, often with devastating results. These diseases flourished in environments where sewage and drinking water were in close proximity.

That’s where plumbers became the unexpected heroes. With the introduction of closed pipe systems, clean drinking water could be separated from waste water, drastically reducing the spread of these waterborne diseases. Additionally, advancements in water treatment processes further ensured the safety of drinking water.

These innovations in plumbing and sanitation have had an immense impact on public health. The incidence of diseases like cholera and typhoid has dramatically decreased in areas with modern plumbing systems, leading to longer life expectancies and improved quality of life.

So, as we enjoy the convenience of clean tap water and efficient waste disposal, let’s not forget the crucial role of plumbing in safeguarding our health. Indeed, it’s more than just pipes and faucets – it’s a lifesaving system that deserves our appreciation.


Fact 5: The Toilet is the Most Common Plumbing Fixture, but Not the Most Water-Consuming

Now, when we think of plumbing, the first image that pops into most of our minds is the humble toilet. It’s there for us in times of need, quietly doing its duty (pun intended). But would it surprise you to know that despite its fame, the toilet isn’t the biggest water consumer in most households?

That’s right! Hold onto your shower caps because showers and faucets actually take the trophy for the most water-hungry fixtures in our homes. Picture this: an average shower, letting loose a cascade of warm water for a blissful 8.2 minutes, guzzles down a whopping 17.2 gallons (65 liters) of water. That’s the equivalent of over 10 toilet flushes!


Speaking of flushes, a traditional toilet only uses about 1.6 gallons (6 liters) per flush. I can hear you asking, “But what about those legendary marathon toilet sessions?” Well, unless you’re flushing continuously (which, let’s be honest, you shouldn’t), even those can’t compete with a single shower.

So, what does this mean for all of us water-conscious folks out there? It’s simple: mindful water use shouldn’t just stop at the bathroom door. Reducing our shower time can make a huge difference in water conservation. Plus, it gives us an excuse to belt out our favorite shower songs at double speed – a win-win situation if ever there was one!

So, the next time you’re contemplating life under a hot shower, remember: every minute counts. Not just for your water bill, but for our precious planet too. As the old saying goes, “Save water, shower with a friend.” Or, at the very least, consider timing your solo performances!

Fact 6: The World’s Most Expensive Toilet is Made of Gold

Prepare to be dazzled! This isn’t your average porcelain throne we’re talking about. The world’s most expensive toilet, created by Hang Fung Gold Technology Group, is a solid gold, fully functioning toilet. This golden commode is the epitome of luxury, built in 2001 and made of solid 24-carat gold, even coated with gems for that extra bit of sparkle. But wait, there’s more! Everything in the restroom surrounding it — sink, tiles, and doors — is also made of solid gold. The whole ensemble is worth more than $29 million today, putting a new, shiny spin on the term ‘throne room’​


This extravagant creation is the brainchild of jeweler Lam Sai-wing, who was inspired by communist leader Lenin’s vision of using gold to build public toilets. Despite being a fully working lavatory with a state-of-the-art automatic flushing system, this gold toilet is off-limits to tourists.

But don’t worry, you won’t miss out on all the glitz and glam. Visitors have to wear plastic covers over their shoes to avoid scuffing the 900-gram gold bars embedded in the floor. Talk about walking on sunshine!

And as it turns out, the allure of this opulent restroom is contagious. Some guests have been so taken by the golden bathroom that they’ve requested their own golden bathroom accessories following their visit​.

So next time you’re feeling like royalty, just remember – there’s a bathroom out there that’s ready to match your mood. And though we can’t all splurge on a $29 million restroom, this golden toilet serves as a fun reminder of the lengths to which we can take our plumbing fixtures. A solid gold toilet, toilet paper set, and even a bathtub! Now that’s what I call a truly royal flush!

Fact 7: The Most Expensive Toilet in Space Cost $23.4 Million

Where do astronauts go when nature calls in the middle of outer space? The answer is a $23.4 million toilet designed by NASA, of course! This state-of-the-art, compact cylindrical toilet, standing at 28 inches tall and known as the Universal Waste Management System (UWMS), represents the cutting edge of cosmic commodes. It took six years and a hefty budget to design, but the results are impressive.

Unlike your average earth-bound toilet, the UWMS relies on suction to ensure waste doesn’t float around in zero gravity – a feature that is undoubtedly crucial when you’re in a space station! To pee, astronauts use a funnel attached to a hose that uses a fan to pull the urine into a tank. To poop, astronauts sit over a tank that also uses a fan to pull the waste into a collection bag. Once done, the astronaut seals the bag, pushes it down into the canister, and installs a new bag. The canister can hold roughly 30 deposits before it is ejected with the rest of the space trash.

The UWMS also shines in its commitment to inclusivity and efficiency. The toilet was designed with input from female astronauts to better accommodate their anatomy. Additionally, the toilet is 65% smaller and 40% lighter than previous models and is more energy efficient. It’s also designed to be automatic, with the fan system activating once the funnel is removed from its cradle or the lid is lifted, making it easier and more hygienic for astronauts to use.

Moreover, the UWMS features a special system that pre-treats urine before it’s recycled into water. To prevent any solid materials in the urine from clogging the system, NASA uses a highly acidic solution to break down deposits. The parts exposed to this solution were made from robust metals like titanium using a special 3-D printing technique, as only a few metals can withstand the strong acid.

The UWMS has been extensively tested on Earth and installed in the International Space Station for real-world testing. If it performs as expected, it will be used on future deep space missions, including the upcoming Artemis 2 mission to the moon. So, next time you sit on your humble home toilet, spare a thought for the astronauts making use of this $23.4 million marvel of engineering in outer space​​.


The world of toilets is far more fascinating than we may initially believe. From the earliest iterations of toilets dating back to ancient civilizations, our journey through history shows us the remarkable evolution of this essential fixture of daily life.

We began with the inception of public sanitation systems in ancient civilizations such as Rome and Indus Valley, paving the way for modern plumbing. From there, we discovered the surprising fact that the most common plumbing fixture, the toilet, is not the biggest water consumer in our homes – that title goes to showers and faucets.

The realm of luxury in plumbing was explored with the $5 million solid gold toilet – a testament to the excesses of opulence. On the other hand, we also looked at the first practical flush toilet patent, debunking the misconception that it was granted to Sir John Harington or Thomas Crapper.


Finally, we shot off into space to look at NASA’s mind boggling $23.4 million toilet. Designed specifically for the unique challenges of the International Space Station, this toilet is a marvel of modern engineering. It also serves as a reminder of the lengths we have gone to ensure comfort and sanitation, even in the most extreme conditions.


Through these seven facts, we’ve traveled through time, luxury and even space. Indeed, the humble toilet, often overlooked, has a rich history and a future that’s more exciting than we ever could have imagined. So, next time you take a moment in the restroom, remember the amazing story of this everyday throne!