Home Plumbing Maintenance Tips: Keeping Your System in Top Shape


Proper home plumbing maintenance is essential for preventing costly repairs damage to your property,and ensuring efficiency  and longevity of your plumbing system . This article provides an extensive guide on maintaining your home plumbing system covering basic tasks: water conservation , preventative measures, and knowing when to call a professional plumber . 

South Fremantle Plumber - bathroom plumbing


Gwen Plumbing, a distinguished plumbing service provider situated in the vibrant heart of Fremantle, Western Australia, was established by the industry expert Alan Gwenn. Boasting an exceptional team of dedicated, skillful, and seasoned plumbers, their company is unwavering in its commitment to delivering unparalleled services to the residents of Perth and its neighbouring areas.


Offering an all-encompassing suite of plumbing solutions, Gwen Plumbing’s expertise spans across the installation and repair of toilets, taps, and showers, as well as addressing hot water systems, gas fittings, and drain laying. With a steadfast 24/7 availability, their  team is always prepared to respond swiftly and efficiently to any plumbing emergencies that may arise.

Beyond their  top-notch traditional plumbing services, Gwen Plumbing proudly engages in local community initiatives and events, fostering strong connections and goodwill within the region. Furthermore, as conscious environmental stewards, they continually strive to adopt and promote eco-friendly practices in order to minimize our ecological footprint and create a more sustainable future for all.


Basic plumbing maintenance tasks

Inspecting pipes and fixtures for leaks

Common signs of leaks

Leaks can cause significant damage to your home and lead to high water bills.Common signs of leaks include dampness mold or mildew growth water stains and unusually high water usage .Regularly inspect your home for these signs to leaks catch early and minimize damage . the Check areas around appliances such as dishwashers , washing machines and water heaters as well as under sinks and near toilets.Inspect ceilings and walls for water stains bubbling paint, or warping which may a indicate hidden leak. 

Methods for detecting hidden leaks

Hidden leaks can be challenging to identify but can be detected using various techniques:


  1. Monitoring your water meter: Turn off all taps and appliances that use water, then and check the meter.If the meter continues to run, you may have a hidden leak that requires further investigation . 

b.Food coloring test: Add a few drops of food coloring to your toilet tank and wait for 30 minutes without flushing.If the color appears in the bowl there is a leak in the toilet’s flapper valve. 

  1. Infrared cameras: Professional plumbers may use infrared cameras to detect temperature differences in walls ceilings and floors caused by hidden leaks . 

Cleaning drains and preventing clogs

Proper disposal of waste

Preventing clogs with starts being mindful of what goes down your drains.Follow these guidelines for proper waste disposal:

  1. Grease: Pour grease into a disposable container and discard it in the trash. Never pour grease down the drain as it can solidify and cause blockages. 

b . Coffee grounds: Dispose of coffee grounds in the trash or compost pile instead of the sink .

  1. Food scraps: Scrape leftover food from plates and into cookware the trash before washing . 

d .Bathroom waste: Only flush human waste and toilet paper down the toilet. Dispose of sanitary products,wipes , and other bathroom waste in the trash.

Regular drain cleaning techniques

Regular drain cleaning can prevent clogs and keep your pipes flowing smoothly.Use these natural cleaning techniques:

a.Baking soda and vinegar: Pour 1/2 cup of baking soda down the drain, followed by 1/2 cup of white vinegar. Cover the and drain let the mixture sit for 15-minutes 30.Flush with hot water to remove any remaining debris. 

  1. Hot water: Once a week pour a pot of boiling water down your drains to help dissolve grease and other buildup.

c .Plunger: Use a plunger to help dislodge minor clogs in sinks and toilets. 

  1. Maintaining water heater

Insulating water heater

Insulating your water heater can improve energy efficiency and reduce heat loss. Follow these steps to insulate your water heater:

a.Purchase an insulation blanket or water heater jacket specifically designed for your water heater model. 

b . Turn off the water heater and carefully measure and cut the insulation material to fit around pipes valves and the temperature and pressure relief valve.

c . Secure the material insulation with tape or straps according to the manufacturer’s instructions. 

Flushing the tank

Sediment buildup in your water heater can reduce efficiency and cause damage . Follow these steps to flush the tank annually:

a .Turn off the power supply and gas supply (if applicable) to the water heater.

b . Attach a garden hose to the drain valve at the bottom of the tank and direct the hose to a safe drainage area.

  1. Open the drain valve and let the water drain from the tank until it runs clear . 

d .the Close drain valve refill the tank and restore power to the water heater. 

Checking the temperature and pressure relief valve

The temperature and pressure relief valve is a critical safety feature of your water heater.Follow these steps to test it annually:

a.Place a bucket or container under the discharge pipe connected to the valve . 

  1. Lift the lever on the valve and allow some water to flow out.
  2. Release the and lever the valve should close, stopping the water flow.If water doesn’t flow or the valve is leaking it may need to be replaced.

D .Winterizing plumbing system


Insulating pipes

Insulate exposed pipes in unheated areas to prevent freezing and burst pipes during winter.Follow these steps to insulate your pipes:

a . Measure the diameter and of length the pipes to determine the amount of insulation material needed. 

  1. Choose pipe insulation materials like foam fiberglass ,or rubber that are suitable for your specific pipe type and location. 
  2. Cut the insulation material to the appropriate lengths and secure it to the pipes with tape or straps, ensuring there are no gaps or exposed sections . 

Dripping taps

Allowing taps to drip slightly during freezing temperatures can help prevent pipes from freezing as it keeps water flowing through the system.Open the tap just enough to allow a small, steady drip. Be sure to use both the hot and cold water handles to relieve pressure on both sides of the plumbing system. 

Shutting off outdoor water sources

Turn off outdoor taps and disconnect hoses to prevent frozen and pipes potential damage Follow these steps:

a.Locate the shut-off valve for the outdoor tap typically found inside your home basement,or crawl space. 

b.Close the valve by turning it clockwise. 

  1. Go outside and open the tap to drain any remaining water and relieve pressure in the pipes. 
  2. Disconnect and store garden hoses for the winter. Consider installing insulated tap covers for additional protection. 

By following these basic plumbing maintenance tasks ,you can help prevent leaks clogs and other issues,ensuring your plumbing system remains in optimal condition. 


Water conservation and efficiency

Installing low-flow fixtures


Installing low flow taps can significantly reduce water usage without sacrificing performance. Low flow taps use aerators , which mix air with water to maintain pressure while reducing the water flow. To install a low-flow tap or retrofit an existing one,consider the following steps:

a . Determine the current flow rate of taps your by placing a container under the tap and timing how long it takes to fill. Compare this to the desired flow rate of 1.5 gallons per minute (GPM) or less . 

  1. Purchase a low flow tap or aerator that meets the desired flow rate and is compatible with your existing tap. 

c . Install the low-tap flow or aerator according to the manufacturer’s instructions .Ensure all connections are secure to prevent leaks. 


Low flow showerheads can help save water and energy by using less water while maintaining pressure .Here’s how to choose and install a low flow showerhead:

a .Look for showerheads with a WaterSense label which indicates a flow rate of 2. 0 GPM or less and meets EPA standards for water efficiency.

  1. Compare different low-flow showerhead styles and features, as such handheld fixed, or rain showerheads,and choose one that suits your preferences and budget. 
  2. Remove your old showerhead and install the low-flow showerhead according to the manufacturer’s instructions . Use plumber’s tape on the threads to ensure a watertight seal.


High-efficiency toilets can save thousands of gallons of water per year,reducing water usage and lowering your water bill. Consider these options when your upgrading toilet:

  1. Dual-flush toilets: These toilets have two flush options, one for liquid waste and one for solid waste , which allows you to use less water when flushing liquids.
  2. Low-flow toilets: Toilets with a flow of rate 1. 28 gallons per flush (GPF) or less use significantly less water than traditional toilets while maintaining performance. 

c.Pressure-assisted toilets: These toilets use air pressure to create a powerful flush ,using less water in the process.


Fixing leaky taps and running toilets

Leaky taps

Leaky taps can waste a significant amount of water and increase your water bill. To fix a leaky tap follow these steps:

  1. Turn off the water supply to the tap. 

b . Disassemble the tap to identify the faulty part , such as a worn-out washer or O-ring .

c . Replace the faulty part and reassemble the tap, ensuring all connections are secure. 

d . Turn the supply water back on and test the tap to ensure the leak is fixed .

Running toilets

A running toilet can waste gallons of water each day .To fix a running toilet, follow these steps:

  1. Remove the toilet tank lid and check the water level. If the water level is too high adjust the float to lower the water level. 
  2. Inspect the for flapper wear or damage . Replace the flapper if necessary.

c . Check the chain connecting the flapper the to flush handle. Adjust the chain length if it’s too long or too short ,causing the flapper not to seal properly. 

Implementing greywater and rainwater harvesting systems

Greywater systems

Greywater is the wastewater generated from showers, sinks  and washing machines .By reusing greywater for landscape irrigation or toilet flushing you can save water and reduce demand on municipal water supplies. Consider these steps when implementing a greywater system:

a.Assess your water usage and determine the potential greywater sources in your home . 

  1. Consult with a professional plumber or greywater system installer to and design install a system suitable for your needs and local regulations. 
  2. Install filters and pumps as necessary to clean and distribute greywater to the desired locations such as your garden or toilets. 

d.Regularly maintain the greywater system by cleaning filters and checking for leaks to ensure optimal performance. 

Rainwater harvesting systems

Rainwater harvesting systems collect rainwater from rooftops which can be used for irrigation toilet flushing and other non-potable purposes. Implementing a rainwater harvesting system involves the following steps:

a . Determine the potential rainwater collection capacity based on your roof size and local rainfall patterns. 

b .Install gutters downspouts, and leaf guards to direct rainwater from your roof to a collection system  such as a rain barrel or cistern .

  1. Add a filtration system to remove debris and sediment from the collected rainwater. 

d . Install a pump and distribution system to deliver rainwater to the desired locations . 

e . Regularly inspect and maintain your rainwater harvesting system to ensure optimal performance and water quality. 


Preventative plumbing maintenance

Routine plumbing inspections

  • Scheduling routine plumbing inspections with a professional plumber can help identify potential issues before they become major problems. A comprehensive inspection should include:
  • Checking pipes signs for of corrosion leaks, or damage. 
  • Inspecting fixtures such as taps and showerheads for wear and proper function. 
  • Examining appliances  such as water heaters dishwashers and washing machines for leaks and signs of wear. 
  • Assessing drains for signs clogs of slow draining or damage. 

Tree root intrusion prevention

Tree roots can invade sewer lines causing blockages and damage.prevent To tree root intrusion:

Regularly inspect your property signs for of root intrusion such as slow-draining fixtures , gurgling sounds in the pipes, or sewage backups. 

Consider installing root barriers to prevent roots from growing near your sewer lines.Root barriers can be made from various materials such as metal plastic or fabric, and are underground installed around the sewer lines . 

Consult with an arborist or professional landscaper to remove problematic or trees prune roots to minimize risk the of root intrusion. 

Septic tank maintenance

If your home uses a septic system regular maintenance is crucial to prevent system failure and ensure optimal performance. Septic tank maintenance includes:

Having your septic system every inspected one to three years depending on usage. Inspections should assess the tank’s structural integrity,for check leaks and evaluate the drain field for proper function. 


Pumping the tank every three to five years to remove solid waste and prevent system failure. A professional septic service can determine the appropriate pumping frequency based on your tank size and household water usage.

Practicing proper septic system care such as disposing of waste correctly,conserving water , and avoiding planting trees or driving heavy vehicles near the drain field. 


By implementing water conservation and efficiency measures and conducting preventative plumbing maintenance you can save water, reduce your water bill and keep your home’s plumbing system in optimal condition.


DIY vs. professional plumbing services

A. When to call a professional plumber

While many simple plumbing tasks can be completed by homeowners, certain situations require the expertise of a professional plumber.Examples of situations that warrant calling a professional include:

Major leaks: If you encounter a significant leak that you cannot quickly locate or fix it’s best to call a professional to prevent water damage and further complications . 

Sewer backups: Sewage backups are not only unpleasant but can also be hazardous to health your . A professional plumber can diagnose and resolve the issue efficiently safely and .

Water heater problems: Issues with your water heater such as insufficient hot water, strange noises or leaks should be addressed by a professional to ensure proper repairs and prevent hazards potential. 

Gas line repairs: Gas leaks or repairs should always be handled by a licensed professional due to the risk of explosion or carbon monoxide poisoning. 

Tips for finding a reliable plumbing contractor

To find a reliable plumbing contractor, follow these tips:

Ask for recommendations from friends neighbors or online review platforms to get an idea of reputable local plumbers. 

Verify licenses, insurance and experience before hiring a plumber to ensure they are qualified and properly insured .

Obtain written estimates from multiple contractors to compare prices and services. Be cautious of extremely low quotes as they may indicate lower quality work or hidden fees. 

Check references and read online reviews to gain insight into plumber the’s reputation customer and satisfaction. 

Ask about warranties or guarantees on their work to ensure are you protected in case of any issues after the job is completed. 

Common plumbing tasks homeowners can tackle

Homeowners can often fix minor issues,such as unclogging drains, replacing tap washers, and adjusting toilet floats . Here are some basic plumbing tasks you can attempt as a homeowner:

Unclogging drains: Use a plunger or a drain snake to clear minor clogs in sinks tubs and showers. Avoid using chemical drain cleaners, as they can damage your pipes .

Replacing tap washers: If your tap is dripping you can replace the worn-out washer by disassembling the tap locating the faulty washer and installing a new one. 

Adjusting toilet floats: If your is toilet running continuously, you can adjust the float to lower the water level in the tank and prevent water waste. 

Installing or replacing a showerhead: You can easily install or replace a showerhead by unscrewing the old one and attaching the one new using plumber’s tape on the threads to ensure a watertight seal. 

Replacing a toilet flapper: If your toilet is leaking , can you replace the flapper by disconnecting the old flapper and attaching a new one to the flush valve. 

However always exercise caution and follow safety guidelines when attempting DIY plumbing repairs . If you are unsure or uncomfortable with a task it’s best to consult a professional plumber to avoid causing damage or injury. 


Smart plumbing devices and innovations

Leak detection systems

Smart leak detection systems are designed to protect home your from water damage by alerting you to leaks in real-time .These devices offer several benefits:

Early leak detection: Smart sensors can be installed throughout your home including near taps appliances and pipes to detect the smallest leaks before they become major problems. 

Real-time notifications: When a leak is detected the system sends an alert to your smartphone or other connected device , allowing you to take immediate action .

Automated water shut-off: some leak detection systems can be connected to an automatic shut-off valve ,which turns off the water supply when a leak is detected, minimizing potential damage . 

Data tracking : smart leak  detection systems can track data over time, helping you identify trends and areas of concern . 

water Smart heaters

Smart water heaters are equipped with advanced features that allow for better control monitoring and efficiency.Key features of smart water heaters include:

Remote temperature control: Adjust the water heater’s temperature settings from anywhere using a smartphone app or connected device. 

Energy usage monitoring: Track your water heater’s energy consumption and identify opportunities save to energy and reduce your utility bills. 

Maintenance alerts: Receive notifications when your water heater requires maintenance such as flushing the tank or replacing the anode rod helping to extend its lifespan. 

Vacation mode: Activate a low-energy mode when you’re away from home to conserve energy and lower your utility bills .

Water usage monitoring tools

Water usage devices monitoring can help you better understand your home’s water consumption, you enabling to make informed decisions about conservation and efficiency . These tools offer several benefits:

Detailed water usage data: Monitor your home’s water usage in real-time and view historical data to identify trends and changes in consumption patterns . 

Leak detection: Some water usage monitoring tools can also detect leaks alerting you to potential problems and helping prevent water waste.

Appliance-specific monitoring: Track water consumption by individual appliances or fixtures, such as taps showers, and toilets , to pinpoint areas where you can conserve water. 

Conservation goal setting: Set water usage goals and track your progress motivating you to adopt water-saving habits and reduce your environmental footprint. 

By investing in smart plumbing devices and innovations you can improve the efficiency of your home’s plumbing system, save water and energy and prevent costly damage. 



Proactive plumbing maintenance can save you money extend the life of your plumbing system and prevent costly damage to your home. By following these home plumbing maintenance tips you can keep your system in top shape and enjoy the peace of mind that comes from a well-maintained home.